Architecture and design materials
One of the perfect natural construction material might just be represented by bamboo. It can be found in large amounts, it grows up to 30.5 centimeters (1 foot) daily and it regrows without having to be replanted once it has been harvest and, one of the most important features, it’s two or three times stronger than steel. But there are very few designers and architects that have actually explored the tree’s fresh ability as a building backbone. Here comes into role “Penda”, a Beijing and Vienna established architecture and design firm which has been developing its schemes for a modular bamboo construction for many-many years. Founded in the year 2013, the firm has displayed for the first time its thoughts to use bamboo when a project called “One with Birds” came along, that faced a hotel containing bamboo towers and tents, mainly inspired by tepees built by Native Americans. The main taint unit that can be vertically and horizontally articulated, is built with the help of an X-shaped secured with rope bamboo joint.
The designing is not very complicated and it doesn’t require a lot of equipment.
Even the platform required for constructing the bamboo tower it is made by using bamboo. But there are much more benefits that bamboo structures provide than just construction ease. In many other parts of the world, bamboo is not at all expensive, compared to some other designing materials, and it’s restorable and available. While it grows, the tree discharges almost 45 percent more oxygen into the air and takes in almost 35 percent more dioxide carbon than most plants do. Cans from one construction can be restated several times over in some other different designing projects.
While they gain size, bamboo structures also gain stability.
But “Penda”s perception is even bigger. The firm’s goal is to build an entire metropolis with bamboo material. They evaluated that a city which has a number of 200.000 occupants could be built in 10 years if a proper building and planting scheme are used. Harvesting from 1.011.750 square meters (250 acres), the city designers could plant two canes of bamboo for every three they cut to use in their city.
This is a project that wants to show bamboo as an alternative, low cost, building material for urban constructions. The rational explication of why a material like bamboo was chosen for architecture and design reasons is quite simple actually: it can be found in generous amounts and benefits from physical characteristics that put it right next to the other, more commune, construction materials like timber, concrete and steel. The recommended bamboo architecture and design solution focuses on the simplification of the construction ways, the method in which the structural components are prefabricated and the vertical diversification of the housing units, involving a nonskilled way of labor, a little amount of construction time as well as little urban land usage. A better way of understanding the architecture and design solution was settled by building a full-scale section prototype and operating laboratory examinations on the main structural components.