In the fields of building engineering and architecture, a floor plan is a layout to scale

Offering a view from above of the relations between spaces, rooms, and other features of a construction at one level. Usually drawn between the walls, the dimensions specify wall lengths and room sizes. A floor plan could, as well, include particularities of features like furnaces, sinks, water heaters and so on. Symbols for electrical items, construction techniques and reports for finishing designs could also be incorporated into a floor plan.

Another definition for a plan may very well be something that is a measured plane, usually projected at the floor height of 1.2 meters (4 feet), unlike an elevation, which is also a measured plane but projected from the lateral part of a construction, along its height. A cutting made along an axis in order to reveal the interior structure of a building is called a section or a cross section.

Unlike a regular map, even though the view is identical, meaning that it is orientated downward from above, a plan is sketched at a certain vertical position (usually at 4 feet above the floor). Objects above this level are shown dashed or can’t be seen at all. Objects under this level are able to be seen and the objects at this level are cut in plan section. A plan form or a plan view is characterized as an upright orthographic projection (just like a map) of an item on a lying flat plane.

This term could generally describe any sketching that shows the objects physical layout. As an example, it may express the arrangement of model booths at certain conventions or display the objects at an exhibition. Using large format xerographic copiers and designs are now a new method of reproducing drawings.

RCP, or a Reflected Ceiling Plan, illustrates the view of a room as if you were watching from above at a mirror placed 1 foot under ceiling level, showing its reflected image from above. Reflected Ceiling Plans are used by architects and designers to expose lighting, ceiling forms granted for constructions and other visible mechanical characteristics.

The orthographic projection of a 3D object from the position of a lying flat plane through the object is the meaning of a plan view. In a simplistic way, a plan is an area viewed from the top. In the case of such views, the fragment of the item above the plane doesn’t show what lies beyond. The upper portions of the walls and the roof, in the case of a floor plan, could generally be excluded.

Originally, the floor plans were created in order to illustrate 3-dimensional layouts in a 2D way. Despite that, the technological expansion has made performing 3D model a lot more effective. A better illustration of images is shown by 3D plans which are usually flattered by 3-dimensional furniture in the area. In opposite to the traditional 2D floor plans, this method permits a greater scale recognition.