Design interior the science and art of decorating the interior and sometimes the exterior of a construction or space, in such way that it achieves a more aesthetically, healthier, pleasing look for the final user.
The person in charge of design interior is called an interior designer. He manages, researches, plans, and coordinates such types of projects. This is a multifaceted profession that involves space planning, site inspection, programming, conceptual development, research, construction management and, finally, the execution of the design.
Design interior is the process of managing the interior space through the shaping and manipulation of spatial volume in order to increase the betterment of human functionality.
In the late 1900’s the services of design interior rapidly extended due to the fact that the middle class in the industrial countries grew in prosperity and size and started to desire the household tricks of wealth in order to improve their social status. Big furniture brands began to refocus on general design interior management, having to offer full house furnishings in a lot of different styles. This business example flourished in the mid-19th-century when this role was rapidly taken over by, most often, amateurs, independent, designers.
The idea of interior designer indicates that there is more of an emphasis on functional design, planning and the effective use of a space, in comparison to interior decorating. An interior designer can take care of projects that imply the arranging of basic layout spaces within a building, as well as jobs that are in need of understanding technical problems like door and window positioning, lighting and acoustics. Even if the interior designer creates the shape or layout of a space, he is not allowed to alter load-bearing walls if he doesn’t have the approval for it from a structural engineer. An interior designer works, most often, directly with engineers, contractors, and architects.
This profession requires for one to be highly skilled so that he can create interior environments which are safe, functional, and comply the ADA requirements, regulations, and building codes. They do a lot more than just selecting color palettes and furnishings, they also develop the construction documents, healthcare and design principles, occupancy loads, as well as managing and coordinating professional services such as electrical, mechanical, plumbing and safety ones.
An interior designer can also specialize in developing technical knowledge particular to one type or area of design interior, like the residential design, hospitality design, healthcare design and so on. An interior designer is a creative person because the profession is relatively new and it’s constantly evolving. It is not only an artistical concept and it needs a lot of research from different fields in order to provide a well-prepared understanding of the way that people are influenced by their surrounding environments.
A residential design is the making of a private residence’s interior. Because this field of design bases on individual situations, the wants, and needs of the individual are predominant in this area of design interior.